Narrator and Point-of-View
For the point of view,
we pay attention to the pronouns the
narrator uses to describe the thoughts and actions in the story.
narration uses the first-person pronoun I since a character, often a main character, is telling the
narration is rare and uses the second-person pronoun you. This is found primarily in comic books or other
lightweight fiction like the Choose Your Own Adventure books.
narration is the most common and features the third-person pronouns he and she since the narrator only watches and doesn’t play a part in
The narrator of a story
is described by the type of observational powers he or she employs. It is based
on two elements—thoughts and actions.
the narrator sees the thoughts and actions of all characters, then the
narrator is said to be all-knowing or omniscient.
- Limited—If the narrator only sees the thoughts and actions of one
character and only the actions of the rest, that type of narration is limited
and most resembles how we view life.
- Objective—If only the actions of all the characters are
described, then the narration is objective and shows the reader the
same information that one could see through a camera.
These terms work in tandem to
describe the narrator or the narrator’s point of view, how he or she sees the
story. We say a book has “third-person, limited narrator” or “a
third-person, limited point of view.” The most common are…
- First-person, limited narrator (or point of view)
- Third-person, limited narrator (or point of view)
- Third-person, omniscient narrator (or point of view)
- Third person, objective narrator (or point of view)