Transitions

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addition again, also, and, and then, besides, equally important, finally, first, further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, last, moreover, next, second, still, too
cause/effect
consequently, as a result, for this reason, hence, thus, therefore
comparison
 also, in the same way, likewise, similarly
concession
 granted, naturally, of course
contrastalthough if used in a subordinate clause, and yet, at the same time, but at the same time, despite that, even so, even though, for all that, however, in contrast, in spite of, instead, nevertheless, notwithstanding, on the contrary, on the other hand, otherwise, regardless, still, though, yet
 
emphasis
 certainly, indeed, in fact, of course
example or
illustration
 after all, as an illustration, even, for example, for instance, indeed, in fact, in other words, in short, it is true, of course, namely, specifically, that is, to illustrate, thus, truly
 
summary all in all, altogether, as has been said, finally, in brief, in conclusion, in other words, in particular, in short, in simpler terms, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to put it differently, to summarize
time sequenceafter a while, afterward, again, also, and then, as long as, at last, at length, at that time, before, besides, earlier, eventually, finally, formerly, further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, in the past, last, lately, meanwhile, moreover, next, now, presently, second, shortly, simultaneously, since, so far, soon, still, subsequently, then, thereafter, too, until, until now, when

Transitions are words and phrases used to help the reader see the connection between one idea and the next.  For example, the words for example told you this sentence would point out an example before you actually got to it.  Furthermore, words like furthermore tell the reader you will be making an additional point.  On the other hand, phrases like on the other hand tell you I’m about to show a different kind of something, a so-called contrasting idea.  Since I’ve begun many sentences with transitions you might get the idea that transitions only come at the beginning and precede every sentence.  This idea, however, is inaccurate as the previous sentence shows with its lack of a transition, and this one shows with however placed within the sentence.  Nevertheless, transitions are useful tools. They are often considered parenthetical expressions and set off by commas when they interrupt. They will consequently be part of your grade on every writing assignment.  Use two or three where needed, but don’t overuse them. Also rely on pronouns and synonyms to refer to a key word or phrase from the previous sentence to achieve coherence.